How to choose a first aid stretcher?

Time:2022-09-20

Stretchers have been developed for 100 years. With the development of material science and the establishment of emergency medicine and disaster medicine models, various special stretchers have come out one after another according to the requirements of modern war wound treatment, and other types of stretchers have also been developed competitedly, forming a development situation with both unified standards and their own characteristics.

Whether natural or man-made disaster, emergency stretcher will play an indispensable role in one of the rescue tools.

1. Folding stretcher

The foldable stretcher is light in weight, small in size, easy to use and safe. Mainly used for hospital, factory, sports ground, army battlefield transport ambulance personnel. Foldable stretchers are generally made of high strength aluminum alloy.

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2. Scoop stretcher

A scoop stretcher minimizes secondary injury to the patient’s spine during transport. It is mainly suitable for the use of seriously injured personnel. If the use of seriously injured personnel, the probability of accident can be reduced.

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3. Negative pressure filling cushion type fixed stretcher

The use of negative pressure inflatable fixed stretcher is the best tool for transporting patients with multiple fractures and spinal injuries. An inflatable cushion will hold the wounded person in place. When used, the cushion is inflated first and then paved. The wounded person is placed in the cushion and the air in the bag is taken out. The air cushion can be hardened and the wounded person is firmly fixed in it and can be kept stable during the handling.

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4. Basket stretcher

The construction of the basket stretcher focuses on the universality, flexibility and specificity of first aid, such as air or sea rescue. The frame is durable, simple and reliable so that the operator can take emergency measures safely and quickly. The hook suspension can be connected with the hook on the aircraft to realize the field rescue.

When transporting the trapped person, the person is placed in the stretcher, and the “protruding” edge of the stretcher and the flat belt on the front will “seal” the trapped person inside the stretcher. This will not cause the displacement of the stretcher (such as flipping, shaking) to free the trapped person from the stretcher.

Behind the security, there are some hidden dangers. If the trapped personnel is too fat, and tied in the front of the flat belt is too tight and the operation time is too long, it is easy to cause the trapped personnel chest tightness, suffocation.

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5. Roller up stretcher

Also called Sked, it is similar in use to a basket stretcher, but is lighter (8 to 12 kg) and can be rolled up in a roller or backpack. Its raw material is a special synthetic resin, corrosion resistance, is generally orange.

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The above four kinds of rescue stretchers need to pay attention to the following four points when carrying the wounded and sick:

1. Different positions are required for patients with different injuries (diseases);

2. The wounded and sick must fasten their safety belts after carrying the stretcher to prevent it from falling over;

3, the wounded and sick should keep the head high when going up and down the stairs, as far as possible to maintain a level state;

4. The stretcher should be fixed after getting on the bus, and the patient should keep the head forward and the feet backward.

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